Iraqi Interim Government
Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA)
”LAW OF ADMINISTRATION FOR THE STATE OF IRAQ
FOR THE TRANSITIONAL PERIOD
8 March 2004”→
”Article 4. The system of government in Iraq shall be republican, federal, democratic,
and pluralistic, and powers shall be shared between the federal government and the
regional governments, governorates, municipalities, and local administrations.
The federal system shall be based upon geographic and historical realities and
the separation of powers, and not upon origin, race, ethnicity, nationality, or
"Article 14.The individual has the right to security, education, health care, and social
security. The Iraqi State and its governmental units, including the federal government,
the regions, governorates, municipalities, and local administrations, within the limits
of their resources and with due regard to other vital needs, shall strive to provide
prosperity and employment opportunities to the people."
"Article 24.(A)The Iraqi Transitional Government, which is also referred to in this Law
as the federal government, shall consist of the National Assembly; the Presidency Council;
the Council of Ministers, including the Prime Minister; and the judicial authority.
(B)The three authorities, legislative, executive, and judicial, shall be separate and
independent of one another.
(C)No official or employee of the Iraqi Transitional Government shall enjoy immunity for
criminal acts committed while in office."
"CHAPTER FIVE ? THE TRANSITIONAL EXECUTIVE AUTHORITY
Article 35.The executive authority during the transitional period shall consist of the
Presidency Council, the Council of Ministers, and its presiding Prime Minister."
CHAPTER EIGHT ? REGIONS, GOVERNORATES, AND MUNICIPALITIES
"Article 52.The design of the federal system in Iraq shall be established in such a way
as to prevent the concentration of power in the federal government that allowed the
continuation of decades of tyranny and oppression under the previous regime.
This system shall encourage the exercise of local authority by local officials in every
region and governorate, thereby creating a united Iraq in which every citizen actively
participates in governmental affairs, secure in his rights and free of domination."